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L'abisme en els confins d'europa: la Rússia de Dostoievski

Lectora : revista de dones i textualitat ; Núm. 20 (2014), p. 119-131

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  • Title:
    L'abisme en els confins d'europa: la Rússia de Dostoievski
  • Author: Surós, Carlota
  • Found In: Lectora : revista de dones i textualitat ; Núm. 20 (2014), p. 119-131
  • Subjects: Dostoievski, Fiodor, 1821-1881 ; Europa ; Rússia ; Nació ; Consciència ; Comunitat ; Nación ; Conciencia ; Comunidad ; Nation ; Consciousness ; Community
  • Language: Catalan
  • Description: The nineteenth century saw the development of European industrial modernity together with its medieval inheritance. In this context, Russia entered the century as the boundary of Europe, and a place where staunch Russian tradition came into conflict with Western ideas. Russian intellectuals from the second half of the century, including Dostoevsky, dedicated their lives and work to tracing this integration in a deliberate manner and, above all, to avoiding the individualistic defects that capitalism had already instilled in Western culture. The Underground Man or Raskolnikov are instances of Dostoevsky's efforts to explain the alienated consciousness conceived by European modernity in an almost mythological way through iconic figures such as Napoleon. On the other hand, Saint Petersburg serves as a stage for his characters' struggle, depicted as disoriented intellectual souls facing society's progress. Dostoevsky's awareness of the origins of Russian tradition, as well as of the prevailing Western values that were inevitably influencing the neighboring territory, became some the writer's main concerns, who thereby tried to find, almost desperately, a solution to the consecutive and progressive fragmentation that the Russian nation was suffering. The main purpose of this essay is, therefore, to delve into the causes, the consequences and the evolution of these events, in order to give an account of the incipient rift between Europe and Russia, which is, currently, still a relevant and meaningful topic.

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