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Comparative effectiveness of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy after gastrectomy among older patients with gastric adenocarcinoma: a SEER–Medicare study

Gastric Cancer, 2017, Vol.20(5), pp.811-824 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Comparative effectiveness of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy after gastrectomy among older patients with gastric adenocarcinoma: a SEER–Medicare study
  • Author: Yeh, Jennifer ; Tramontano, Angela ; Hur, Chin ; Schrag, Deborah
  • Found In: Gastric Cancer, 2017, Vol.20(5), pp.811-824 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
  • Subjects: Gastric cancer ; Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy ; SEER–Medicare ; Comparative effectiveness research
  • Language: English
  • Description: To access, purchase, authenticate, or subscribe to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10120-017-0693-x Byline: Jennifer M. Yeh (1,2), Angela C. Tramontano (3), Chin Hur (3), Deborah Schrag (4) Keywords: Gastric cancer; Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy; SEER--Medicare; Comparative effectiveness research Abstract: Background Since the INT-0116 trial reported a survival advantage, postoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) has been a care standard for US patients in whom gastric adenocarcinoma has been diagnosed. We sought to estimate the association between treatment and survival among the older US Medicare population. Methods This is a retrospective cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries aged 65--79 years with stage IB--III gastric adenocarcinoma diagnosed between 2002 and 2009 in a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results region. Patients were categorized on the basis of treatment: (1) gastrectomy only and (2) gastrectomy plus adjuvant CRT. We examined factors associated with receipt of adjuvant CRT, including stage at diagnosis, comorbidity, and tumor subtype. Overall survival was measured from 90 days after gastrectomy until death or the censoring date of December 31, 2010. Results Of the 1519 patients who underwent gastrectomy, 41.7% received adjuvant CRT. Factors associated with adjuvant CRT included age younger than 75 years at cancer diagnosis and stage II or stage III cancer. The median overall survival from the time of gastrectomy was 25.1 months (interquartile range 43.7 months) for gastrectomy only and 26.9 months (interquartile range 40.9 months) for adjuvant CRT. Multivariable and propensity-score-stratified models demonstrated a survival benefit associated with adjuvant CRT [hazard ratio (HR) 0.58 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.50--0.67], although the magnitude was greater for stage II tumors (HR 0.50 95% CI 0.39--0.61) and stage III tumors (HR 0.58 95% CI 0.45--0.73) than for stage IB tumors (HR 1.02 95% CI 0.71--1.45). Conclusions Adjuvant CRT, in conjunction with gastrectomy, was associated with a survival benefit among older patients with stage II or stage III tumors. Author Affiliation: (1) Division of General Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, USA (2) Center for Health Decision Science, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA (3) Institute for Technology Assessment, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA (4) Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA Article History: Registration Date: 16/01/2017 Received Date: 22/12/2016 Accepted Date: 14/01/2017 Online Date: 15/02/2017 Article note: Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi: 10.1007/s10120-017-0693-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 1436-3291 ; E-ISSN: 1436-3305 ; DOI: 10.1007/s10120-017-0693-x

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