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Evaluation of postgastrectomy symptoms after distal gastrectomy with Billroth-I reconstruction using the Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Scale-45 (PGSAS-45)

Gastric Cancer, 2015, Vol.18(3), pp.675-681 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Evaluation of postgastrectomy symptoms after distal gastrectomy with Billroth-I reconstruction using the Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Scale-45 (PGSAS-45)
  • Author: Misawa, Kazunari ; Terashima, Masanori ; Uenosono, Yoshikazu ; Ota, Shuichi ; Hata, Hiroaki ; Noro, Hiroshi ; Yamaguchi, Kentaro ; Yajima, Hiroshi ; Nitta, Toshikatsu ; Nakada, Koji
  • Found In: Gastric Cancer, 2015, Vol.18(3), pp.675-681 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
  • Subjects: Postgastrectomy syndromes ; Questionnaires ; Quality of life ; Gastrectomy
  • Language: English
  • Description: BACKGROUND: Distal gastrectomy with Billroth-I reconstruction (DGBI) is the most commonly used treatment approach for gastric cancer patients in Japan. The aim of this study was to assess and elucidate the effect of different surgical DGBI techniques on postgastrectomy syndrome (PGS) using the Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Scale-45 (PGSAS-45).METHODS: The newly created PGSAS-45 composed of 45 questions was used in this study. The scale was distributed to 2,922 patients who underwent gastrectomy >1year prior. Completed forms were returned by 2,520 patients (86%), of which 909 underwent DGBI. The effects of performing the Kocher maneuver, differences in the size of the gastric remnant and differences the anastomosis technique had on the main outcome measures of PGSAS-45 were analyzed.RESULTS: Patients for whom the Kocher maneuver was performed experienced significantly worse meal-related distress and poorer quality of ingestion. Additionally, a less satisfactory physical and mental component summary from the SF-8 was reported. Patients with larger gastric remnants showed significantly better scores on the diarrhea subscale, a slightly better trend for the need for additional meals and dissatisfaction with eating. Regarding the anastomosis technique, there was no difference between the hand-sewn, circular stapler (CS) and linear stapler end-to-end anastomosis, and there was also no difference between the end-to-end and side-to-end anastomosis with the CS.CONCLUSIONS: The Kocher maneuver may increase meal-related distress, reduce the quality of ingestion and impart a negative effect on quality of life (QOL). The larger gastric remnants may cause reduction in diarrhea and an improvement in meal-related scores.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 1436-3291 ; E-ISSN: 1436-3305 ; DOI: 10.1007/s10120-014-0407-6

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