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New insights into the cellular responses to iron nanoparticles in Capsicum annuum

Scientific Reports (Nature Publisher Group), Feb 2018, Vol.8, pp.1-9 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    New insights into the cellular responses to iron nanoparticles in Capsicum annuum
  • Author: Yuan, Junxia ; Chen, Yu ; Li, Huasheng ; Lu, Jinying ; Zhao, Hui ; Liu, Min ; Nechitaylo, Galina ; Glushchenko, Natalia
  • Found In: Scientific Reports (Nature Publisher Group), Feb 2018, Vol.8, pp.1-9 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
  • Subjects: Capsicum Annuum ; Nutrient Deficiency ; Nanoparticles ; Plant Growth ; Cell Walls ; Iron ; Fertilizers ; Nanoparticles ; Nutrients ; Roots ; Iron
  • Language: English
  • Description: In this study, the anatomical and ultrastructural responses of Capsicum annuum to iron nanoparticles (Fe NPs) were determined. The results showed that the bio-effects of Fe NPs on plants could be positive or negative, depending on the additive concentrations. Low concentrations of Fe NPs were found to promote plant growth. Light and electron microscope analyses showed that the Fe NPs promoted plant growth by altering the leaf organization, and increasing the chloroplast number and grana stacking, as well as regulating the development of vascular bundles. Meanwhile, it was found that the Fe NPs could be absorbed in the roots, and then transported to the central cylinder in bio-available forms, where they were translocated and utilized by the leaves and stems. In contrast, high concentrations of Fe NPs appeared to be harmful to the plants, and the majority of Fe NPs were aggregated into cell walls and transported via the apoplastic pathway in the roots, which may potentially block the transfer of iron nutrients. Taken together, the aforementioned data showed that the rational use of Fe NPs could alleviate iron deficiency, and Fe NPs could be an ideal supply for Fe2+ ions fertilizers in agriculture.
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 20452322 ; DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-18055-w

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