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Mating Disruption of a Carpenter Moth, Cossus insularis (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) in Apple Orchards with Synthetic Sex Pheromone, and Registration of the Pheromone as an Agrochemical

Journal of Chemical Ecology, Jul 2016, Vol.42(7), pp.606-611 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Mating Disruption of a Carpenter Moth, Cossus insularis (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) in Apple Orchards with Synthetic Sex Pheromone, and Registration of the Pheromone as an Agrochemical
  • Author: Hoshi, Hirotsuna ; Takabe, Masanori ; Nakamuta, Kiyoshi
  • Found In: Journal of Chemical Ecology, Jul 2016, Vol.42(7), pp.606-611 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
  • Subjects: Chemical Ecology ; Pheromones ; Butterflies & Moths ; Apples ; Sex Pheromone ; Mating Disruption ; Carpenter Moth ; Cossus Insularis ; Apple Orchard
  • Language: English
  • Description: Mating disruption of the carpenter moth, Cossus insularis (Staudinger) (Lepidoptera: Cossidae), with a synthetic version of its sex pheromone, a mixture of (E)-3-tetradecenyl acetate and (Z)-3-tetradecenyl acetate, was tested for three successive years in apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) orchards. Pheromone trap catches, percentage mating of tethered females and females enclosed with males in a mating cage, and tree damage were measured in both the pheromone-treated and untreated control orchards. The attraction of male moths to pheromone traps at heights of 1.5, 3, and 5 m was strongly disrupted when the pheromone dispensers were placed at 1.5 m height. Mating of tethered females placed at 1 m was completely inhibited, and the mating of tethered females at a height of 3 m was significantly reduced by the treatment in comparison to matings in an untreated control orchard. Similarly, mating of pairs of moths enclosed in mating cages was significantly reduced by the synthetic pheromone treatment...
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0098-0331 ; E-ISSN: 1573-1561 ; DOI: 10.1007/s10886-016-0723-x

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