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17 beta -Estradiol-dependent regulation of chaperone expression and telomerase activity in the marine sponge Geodia cydonium

Mar. Biol, March 1999, Vol.133(1), pp.1-10 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    17 beta -Estradiol-dependent regulation of chaperone expression and telomerase activity in the marine sponge Geodia cydonium
  • Author: Wiens, M ; Seack, J ; Koziol, C ; Steffen, R ; Korzhev, M ; Schroeder, H ; Mueller, Weg ; Wiens, M
  • Contributor: Wiens, M (correspondence author)
  • Found In: Mar. Biol, March 1999, Vol.133(1), pp.1-10 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
  • Subjects: DNA ; Enzymatic Activity ; Tumours ; Geodia Cydonium ; Med, Croatia, Rovinj ; Marine ; Genetics and Evolution ; Clones ; Electrophoresis ; Oxygen ; Proteins
  • Language: English
  • Description: It is known that species belonging to the lowest metazoan phylum, the Porifera (sponges), do not develop tumors. Sponge cells share with tumor cells of higher animals at least one characteristic; they contain high levels of telomerase activity, suggesting that they possess a high proliferation capacity. This assumption, however, has not been substantiated experimentally. In addition, sponges show a specific bauplan, leading us to postulate that they undergo apoptosis to replace a given set of cells at a given time. In the present study, 17 beta -estradiol ( beta E sub(2)) was used as a defined agent to assess its effect on both the telomerase activity and the process of apoptosis in the marine sponge Geodia cydonium (Jameson). It was found that beta E sub(2) (100 to 500 ng/ml) caused increased expression (i) of the heat-shock protein HSP7O (M sub(r) = 70 000), a cytoplasmic chaperone; and (ii) of the nuclear chaperone thioredoxin (TRX), a protein involved in the control of cancer cell growth. For this purpose the gene of G. cydonium encoding TRX was cloned, and the cDN was applied for the determination of the expression. Verapamil, an inhibitor of both the mammalian multidrug resistance pump and the invertebrate multixenobiotic resistance pump, was used in co-incubation experiments with beta E sub(2) to increase the uptake of beta E sub(2). The experiments revealed that verapamil augmented the beta E sub(2) effect on the expression of the two chaperones, HSP7O and TRX. In addition, the tissue of G. cydonium underwent apoptosis, and the cells lost their telomerase activity. In parallel with the induction of the apoptotic process, the number of DNA strand breaks increased. It is concluded that beta E sub(2) displays its effect via the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). At physiological concentrations ROS cause the expression of HSP7O and TRX, while at higher ROS levels, generated during the co-incubation period of beta E sub(2) with verapamil, the cells undergo apoptosis and lose telomerase activity.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0025-3162

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