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Coral Luminescence Identifies the Pacific Decadal Oscillation as a Primary Driver of River Runoff Variability Impacting the Southern Great Barrier Reef

PLoS One, Jan 2014, Vol.9(1), p.e84305 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Coral Luminescence Identifies the Pacific Decadal Oscillation as a Primary Driver of River Runoff Variability Impacting the Southern Great Barrier Reef
  • Author: Rodriguez-Ramirez, Alberto ; Grove, Craig ; Zinke, Jens ; Pandolfi, John ; Zhao, Jian-Xin
  • Found In: PLoS One, Jan 2014, Vol.9(1), p.e84305 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
  • Subjects: Acropora ; Catchments ; Plankton ; Luminescence ; Fisheries ; Coral Reefs ; Floods ; Runoff ; Rainfall ; Rivers ; Hydrology ; Rivers ; Runoff ; Runoff ; Luminescence ; Variability ; Ecosystems ; El Nino ; Terrestrial Environments ; River Flow
  • Language: English
  • Description: The Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) is a large-scale climatic phenomenon modulating ocean-atmosphere variability on decadal time scales. While precipitation and river flow variability in the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) catchments are sensitive to PDO phases, the extent to which the PDO influences coral reefs is poorly understood. Here, six Porites coral cores were used to produce a composite record of coral luminescence variability (runoff proxy) and identify drivers of terrestrial influence on the Keppel reefs, southern GBR. We found that coral skeletal luminescence effectively captured seasonal, inter-annual and decadal variability of river discharge and rainfall from the Fitzroy River catchment. Most importantly, although the influence of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events was evident in the luminescence records, the variability in the coral luminescence composite record was significantly explained by the PDO. Negative luminescence anomalies (reduced runoff) were associated with...
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 19326203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084305

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