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Subjective quality of life in war-affected populations

BMC Public Health, 2013, Vol.13, p.624 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Subjective quality of life in war-affected populations
  • Author: Matanov, Aleksandra ; Giacco, Domenico ; Bogic, Marija ; Ajdukovic, Dean ; Franciskovic, Tanja ; Galeazzi, Gian ; Kucukalic, Abdulah ; Lecic-Tosevski, Dusica ; Morina, Nexhmedin ; Popovski, Mihajlo ; Schützwohl, Matthias ; Priebe, Stefan
  • Found In: BMC Public Health, 2013, Vol.13, p.624 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
  • Subjects: In-Process
  • Language: English
  • Description: Doc number: 624 Abstract Background: Exposure to traumatic war events may lead to a reduction in quality of life for many years. Research suggests that these impairments may be associated with posttraumatic stress symptoms; however, wars also have a profound impact on social conditions. Systematic studies utilising subjective quality of life (SQOL) measures are particularly rare and research in post-conflict settings is scarce. Whether social factors independently affect SQOL after war in addition to symptoms has not been explored in large scale studies. Method: War-affected community samples were recruited through a random-walk technique in five Balkan countries and through registers and networking in three Western European countries. The interviews were carried out on average 8 years after the war in the Balkans. SQOL was assessed on Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life - MANSA. We explored the impact of war events, posttraumatic stress symptoms and post-war environment on SQOL. Results: We interviewed 3313 Balkan residents and 854 refugees in Western Europe. The MANSA mean score was 4.8 (SD = 0.9) for the Balkan sample and 4.7 (SD = 0.9) for refugees. In both samples participants were explicitly dissatisfied with their employment and financial situation. Posttraumatic stress symptoms had a strong negative impact on SQOL. Traumatic war events were directly linked with lower SQOL in Balkan residents. The post-war environment influenced SQOL in both groups: unemployment was associated with lower SQOL and recent contacts with friends with higher SQOL. Experiencing more migration-related stressors was linked to poorer SQOL in refugees. Conclusion: Both posttraumatic stress symptoms and aspects of the post-war environment independently influence SQOL in war-affected populations. Aid programmes to improve wellbeing following the traumatic war events should include both treatment of posttraumatic symptoms and social interventions.
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 14712458 ; DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-624

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