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The reflexive phase of modernisation - clarifying the direction

Társadalomkutatás, Mar 2011, Vol.29(1), pp.15-31

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  • Title:
    The reflexive phase of modernisation - clarifying the direction
  • Author: Varga, Károly
  • Found In: Társadalomkutatás, Mar 2011, Vol.29(1), pp.15-31
  • Subjects: Modernization ; Social Research ; Social Theory ; Theses ; Critical Theory ; Reflexivity ; Delphi Debate ; Kulcsár, Kálmán ; Antal, Ádám ; Náray-Szabó, Gábor ; Sociology
  • Language: Hungarian
  • Description: In Issue 4 of Társadalomkutalás (Social Research) - 2009, the `main rehearsal' of the Delphi debate volume, initially to be edited by Kálmán Kulesár with Károly Varga's cooperation, chose the debate-launcher out of one of the main range in the senior editor's oeuvre, the theme of modernization. Due to aspects of professional and world-view multilateralness as well as volume limitations, besides Varga's answering article, Kálmán Kulesár chose from several contributions only the studies of two authors who were able to pronouncedly mark the poles of this spectrum, broad in both its dimensions: from sociological law and progressive directions, he chose Antal Ádám's article, from conservative value and `inter-science' angles, he chose that of Gábor Náray-Szabó. Meanwhile, however, another momentous opponency to Kulesár's introduction was completed, written by Rezso Lovas, atomic researcher; which, due to the death of the debate's initiator, can only appear in the present Kulesár-memorial issue of the journal. This is what the present author is trying to respond to, in Kálmán Kulcsár's spirit. He recalls, on the one hand, Kálmán Kulcsár's `thesis', according to which `the modernisation of the decades following World War II can be truly applied as a concept with an explanatory power can no longer be a leading idea any more because it is not clear where it leads to'; and thirdly, recalls Varga's writing which, although not to be taken for a `synthesis', nuances and completes Kulcsár's thesis, as well as refines some of Lovas' suggestions. He states that whereas Kálmán Kulcsár's approach reckons with a basically positive ideal-type of the concept of modernisation, embracing the original idea, the requirements and certain facts of its realization, Rezso Lovas takes note of the dysfunctional concomitant phenomena, which emerge on it according to the laws of parasitism, formulated by Csíkszentmihályi, the concept of higher complexity, in which the moments of differentiation and integration have to maintain balance. He demonstrates that this clarified national strategy-building direction of modernization can bring the conceptions of the Delphi-debate-initiator and his powerful opponent closer to each other. Reprinted by permission of Akadémiai Kiadó
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0580-4795

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