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Retest learning in the absence of item-specific effects: does it show in the oldest-old?

Psychology and aging, September 2012, Vol.27(3), pp.701-6 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Retest learning in the absence of item-specific effects: does it show in the oldest-old?
  • Author: Yang, Lixia ; Reed, Maureen ; Kuan, Connie
  • Found In: Psychology and aging, September 2012, Vol.27(3), pp.701-6 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
  • Subjects: Aging -- Physiology ; Cognition -- Physiology ; Learning -- Physiology
  • Language: English
  • Description: This study examined whether the nonitem-specific retest learning effects, previously shown with young-old adults primarily in their 60s and 70s, could be extended to oldest-old adults aged 80 and onward. Twenty-one oldest-olds participated in an 8-session retest training program with three ability domains: perceptual speed, inductive reasoning, and visual attention. Their data were compared with the data of 30 young-olds collected in a previous work (Yang, Reed, Russo, & Wilkinson, 2009). The two age groups showed largely equivalent retest learning effects. In addition, only young-olds were able to benefit from item-specific retest learning, specifically in reasoning and perceptual speed tests.
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 1939-1498 ; PMID: 22201334 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1037/a0026719

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