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The Effects of Maternal Hyperthyroidism on Histologic Changes in Parietal Lobe in Rat Embryos

Zahedan Journal of Researches in Medical Sciences, 01 May 2017, Vol.19(5) [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    The Effects of Maternal Hyperthyroidism on Histologic Changes in Parietal Lobe in Rat Embryos
  • Author: Fatemeh Mirsafi ; Gholamreza Kaka ; Mahnaz Azarnia
  • Found In: Zahedan Journal of Researches in Medical Sciences, 01 May 2017, Vol.19(5) [Peer Reviewed Journal]
  • Subjects: Medicine
  • Language: English
  • Description: Background Maternal hyperthyroidism causes developmental defects on the nervous system of fetuses. Objectives The present study was designed to study the effects of maternal hyperthyroidism on the development of the parietal lobe in the brain of rat embryos. Methods In this experimental study, thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups. The control group received no injections, the sham group received intraperitoneal injections of distilled water solution containing salt and polysorbate (solvent of levothyroxine), and the experimental group received once-daily, intraperitoneal injections of 0.5 mg/kg levothyroxine for a 10-day period to become hyperthyroid rats. The hyperthyroid rats were then mated, and all pregnant rats were killed on the 20th day of gestation. Fetuses were removed, fixed, and processed for histological procedures. The fetuses were sagitally sectioned at 5 µ thickness and stained with hematoxylin-eosin (H and E) technique. The sections were examined using a light microscope and Motic software. Results The results showed no significant difference in the studied variables between the sham and control groups. A significantly increase in body weight and a significant decrease in crown-rump length of embryos was observed in the experimental group when compared to the control group. The mean total thickness of the parietal cortex, ventricular layer, and intermediate layer of embryos showed a significant decrease in the experimental group compared to the control and sham groups. The mean number of cells also showed a significant decrease in the intermediate and ventricular layers in the experimental group compared to the control and sham groups. Conclusions This study showed that maternal hyperthyroidism leads to a reduction in development of the parietal cortex in embryos. Maternal hyperthyroidism can disturb the growth and development of embryos.
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 2383-2894 ; DOI: 10.5812/zjrms.9971

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