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Investigation of wild species potential to increase genetic diversity useful for apple breeding

Genetika, 01 January 2015, Vol.47(3), pp.993-1011

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  • Title:
    Investigation of wild species potential to increase genetic diversity useful for apple breeding
  • Author: Dan Catalina ; Sestras Adriana F ; Bozdog Calin ; Sestras Radu E
  • Found In: Genetika, 01 January 2015, Vol.47(3), pp.993-1011
  • Subjects: Crabapple ; Expected Selection Response ; Genetic Gain ; Genotype ; Heritability ; Hybridization ; Malus Wild Species ; Seedlings ; Biology
  • Language: English
  • Description: The potential of testing new apple cultivars and the possibility to induce valuable traits is directly dependent on the availability of sufficient genetic diversity, while apple breeding has narrowed the genetic ground of commercial cultivars. Wild species were studied in regard to their influence upon progenies and their capacity to enlarge apple genetic diversity. The interspecific seedlings were framed in five biparental mating (paired crosses), in which Malus species were crossed with different cultivars, obtaining half-sib families. The number of F1 progenies per combination varied from 31 (Cluj 218/2 × M. floribunda) up to 142 (Reinette Baumann × M. floribunda), with a total of 1650 hybrids F1. The influences upon vigour and juvenile period and possible correlation among fruit size and taste were analyzed. Juvenile period varied from 6.00 (M. zumi × Jonathan) to 9.31 years (Cluj 218/2 × M. floribunda). Data based on correlation coefficient illustrated that the fructification year was not influenced by the vigour of trees. The highest value of correlation for fruit’s size and taste was obtained among M. coronaria hybrids. This result might suggest that once the fruit are larger, there is a high chance the taste is also more appreciative and fruit quality for mouth feels increase. Depending on the parental formula, additive effects may be inferior compared to genetic effects of dominance and epistasis. Although M. zumi and M. floribunda achieved the same genetic gain (0.31), M. zumi had a higher expected selection response for fruit size. The difficulty of obtaining seedlings with tasty and large fruit when wild Malus species are used as genitors is resulting from the values of expected selection response data, but in the same time results confirm that wild Malus species are suitable resources for genetic variability, both for dessert and ornamental apple cultivars.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 0534-0012 ; E-ISSN: 1820-6069 ; DOI: 10.2298/GENSR1503993D

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