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Historical and projected HFC-410A emission from room air conditioning sector in China

Liu, Lisha et al.

Atmospheric environment. Volume 212 (2019); pp 194-200 -- Elsevier Ltd

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  • Title:
    Historical and projected HFC-410A emission from room air conditioning sector in China
  • Author: Liu, Lisha;
    Dou, Yanwei;
    Yao, Bo;
    Bie, Pengju;
    Wang, Lei;
    Peng, Min;
    Hu, Jianxin
  • Found In: Atmospheric environment. Volume 212 (2019); pp 194-200
  • Journal Title: Atmospheric environment
  • Subjects: Air--Pollution--Meteorological aspects--Periodicals; Air--Pollution--Periodicals; Room air conditioning (rac)--Hfc-410a--Emission--China--Projection; Dewey: 551.51
  • Rights: legaldeposit
  • Publication Details: Elsevier Ltd
  • Abstract: Abstract:

    China's room air conditioning (RAC) sector is now undergoing a substitution of HCFC-22 (CHClF2) by HFC-410A (a blend of HFC-125 (C2HF5) and HFC-32 (CH2F2)) as refrigerant. However, HFC-410A is also one of the strong greenhouse gases (GHGs) and will be regulated under the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol. In this study, an updated HFC-410A emission inventory for China's RAC sector is established for the period of 2006–2017 with a projection to 2050 based on a bottom-up method. Our estimation indicates that the HFC-410A emissions increased from 0.0092 Gg yr −1 to 12.0 Gg yr −1 with an annual increase of 115.7%/yr during 2006–2017. More than 95% of the emissions were from end-of-life process. Under a business-as-usual (BAU) scenario, projected emissions will continuously grow to 89.2 (54.8–126.0) Gg yr −1 in 2050. However, under a mitigation scenario with implementation of the Kigali Amendment, emissions will peak at 63.8 Gg yr −1 in 2039 and then decline to 43.1 (26.1–62.0) Gg yr −1 in 2050, and about 373 Gg of cumulative emission could be curbed during 2018–2050. Additionally, we find that the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the Yangzi River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and provincial capital cities show greater HFC-410A emission intensities per unit of area than those of the rest of China during 2009–2017.

    Graphical abstract:

    Image 1

    Highlights:

    Updated emission factors from filed survey are applied to estimate HFC-410A emission from RAC in China.

    HFC-410A emission exhibited a tremendous growth rate from 2006 to 2017 in China.

    HFC-410A emission is projected to 2050 under BAU and mitigation scenarios.

    City level HFC-410A emission intensity is reported.


  • Identifier: System Number: LDEAvdc_100086549782.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 1352-2310; 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2019.05.022
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): ELD Digital store

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