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Postoperative care after tonsillectomy: what's the evidence?

Carpenter, Patrick; Hall, Daniel; Meier, Jeremy D.

Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery. Volume 25:Issue 6 (2017, December) -- Wolters Kluwer Health

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  • Title:
    Postoperative care after tonsillectomy: what's the evidence?
  • Author: Carpenter, Patrick;
    Hall, Daniel;
    Meier, Jeremy D.
  • Found In: Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery. Volume 25:Issue 6 (2017, December)
  • Journal Title: Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery
  • Subjects: Head--Surgery--Periodicals; Neck--Surgery--Periodicals; Otolaryngology--Periodicals; acetaminophen--dexamethasone--ibuprofen--opioid--postoperative bleeding--postoperative pain--tonsillectomy; Dewey: 617.51
  • Rights: legaldeposit
  • Publication Details: Wolters Kluwer Health
  • Abstract: Abstract : Purpose of review:

    The purpose of this review is to evaluate the current literature regarding postoperative management after tonsillectomy in children.

    Recent findings:

    Controversy remains regarding the ideal medication regimen to manage pain after tonsillectomy. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen are routinely used, although concerns of more severe postoperative hemorrhage with ibuprofen remain. Narcotics are prescribed commonly, but with extreme caution in children with severe obstructive sleep apnea. Although not always utilized by the authors, additional adjunctive medications such as perioperative dexamethasone, ketamine, and local infiltration of lidocaine into tonsillar pillars may decrease postoperative pain. Systematic reviews have shown that dexamethasone does not increase risk of posttonsillectomy bleeding.

    Summary:

    Adenotonsillectomy is one of the most common procedures performed on children and may have significant morbidity from postoperative pain and bleeding. Managing pain remains challenging and the optimal treatment regimen has not been definitively identified. Many medications and alternative therapies have been studied and suggest possible benefit.


  • Identifier: System Number: LDEAvdc_100072946854.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 1068-9508; 10.1097/MOO.0000000000000420
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): ELD Digital store

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