skip to main content
Show Results with:

Prevalence and determinants of comorbid diabetes and hypertension: Evidence from non communicable disease risk factor STEPS survey, India

Tripathy, Jaya Prasad et al.

Diabetes & metabolic syndrome: clinical research & reviews. Volume 11 (2017) Supplement 1; pp S459-S465 -- Elsevier

Online access

  • Title:
    Prevalence and determinants of comorbid diabetes and hypertension: Evidence from non communicable disease risk factor STEPS survey, India
  • Author: Tripathy, Jaya Prasad;
    Thakur, J.S.;
    Jeet, Gursimer;
    Jain, Sanjay
  • Found In: Diabetes & metabolic syndrome: clinical research & reviews. Volume 11 (2017) Supplement 1; pp S459-S465
  • Journal Title: Diabetes & metabolic syndrome: clinical research & reviews
  • Subjects: Diabète--Physiopathologie--Périodiques; Diabète--Périodiques; Endocrinologie--Périodiques; Métabolisme, Troubles du--Périodiques; Diabetes Mellitus--Periodicals; Metabolic Diseases--Periodicals; Diabetes--Periodicals; Metabolism--Disorders--Periodicals; Diabetes; Metabolism--Disorders; Periodicals; Diabetes--Hypertension--Comorbidity--Non-communicable disease--STEPS survey--India; Electronic journals; Dewey: 616.462
  • Rights: legaldeposit
  • Publication Details: Elsevier
  • Abstract: Abstract: Problem statement:

    Comorbidity of non-communicable diseases carries a significant risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. With the rising burden of diabetes, hypertension and other risk factors, and ageing population in India, this is likely to pose a major threat to the health system. It is therefore essential to understand this high risk group. This article reports prevalence of comorbid diabetes and hypertension and its associated risk factors in the North Indian state of Punjab.

    Methods:

    A household NCD STEPS survey was done in Punjab, India in a multistage stratified sample of 5127 individuals. All the subjects were administered the WHO STEPS questionnaire, anthropometric and blood pressure measurements. Every alternate respondent in the sample (n = 2499) were assayed for blood glucose and lipid parameters.

    Results:

    The prevalence of comorbid DM and HTN was 4.5% in the general adult population. DM, HTN and dyslipidemia co-existed in 1.8% of the population. Obesity and dyslipidemia are the most common comorbidities among persons with DM and HTN alone and comorbid DM and HTN. Factors strongly associated with comorbid DM and HTN include elderly age group, dyslipidemia, obesity and family history of DM.

    Conclusions:

    The study reported high burden of comorbid diabetes and hypertension among the elderly, strongly associated with obesity and dyslipidemia. This emphasizes the role of nonpharmacological intervention such as weight reduction, physical activity, and dietary modification.


  • Identifier: System Number: LDEAvdc_100054166903.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 1871-4021; 10.1016/j.dsx.2017.03.036
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): ELD Digital store

Searching Remote Databases, Please Wait