skip to main content
Show Results with:

Adaptive model-predictive controller for magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound therapy

de Bever, Joshua et al.

International journal of hyperthermia. Volume 30:Number 7 (2014); pp 456-470 -- Informa Healthcare

Online access

  • Title:
    Adaptive model-predictive controller for magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound therapy
  • Author: de Bever, Joshua;
    Todd, Nick;
    Payne, Allison;
    Christensen, Douglas A.;
    Roemer, Robert B.
  • Found In: International journal of hyperthermia. Volume 30:Number 7 (2014); pp 456-470
  • Journal Title: International journal of hyperthermia
  • Subjects: Thermotherapy--Periodicals; Control--focused ultrasound--MRI--prediction--simulations--thermal therapy; Dewey: 615.832
  • Rights: legaldeposit
  • Publication Details: Informa Healthcare
  • Abstract: Abstract:

    Purpose : Minimising treatment time and protecting healthy tissues are conflicting goals that play major roles in making magnetic resonance image-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) therapies clinically practical. We have developed and tested in vivo an adaptive model-predictive controller (AMPC) that reduces treatment time, ensures safety and efficacy, and provides flexibility in treatment set-up.

    Materials and methods : The controller realises time savings by modelling the heated treatment cell's future temperatures and thermal dose accumulation in order to anticipate the optimal time to switch to the next cell. Selected tissues are safeguarded by a configurable temperature constraint. Simulations quantified the time savings realised by each controller feature as well as the trade-offs between competing safety and treatment time parameters. In vivo experiments in rabbit thighs established the controller's effectiveness and reliability.

    Results : In all in vivo experiments the target thermal dose of at least 240 CEM43was delivered everywhere in the treatment volume. The controller's temperature safety limit reliably activated and constrained all protected tissues to <9 CEM43. Simulations demonstrated the path independence of the controller, and that a path which successively proceeds to the hottest untreated neighbouring cell leads to significant time savings, e.g. when compared to a concentric spiral path. Use of the AMPC produced a compounding time-saving effect; reducing the treatment cells' heating times concurrently reduced heating of normal tissues, which eliminated cooling periods.

    Conclusions : Adaptive model-predictive control can automatically deliver safe, effective MRgFUS treatments while significantly reducing treatment times.


  • Identifier: System Number: LDEAvdc_100052297019.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 0265-6736; 10.3109/02656736.2014.968223
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): ELD Digital store

Searching Remote Databases, Please Wait