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Detecting a Defective Casing Seal at the Top of a Bedrock Aquifer

Richard, Sandra K.; Chesnaux, Romain; Rouleau, Alain

Ground water. Volume 54:Issue 2 (2016, March/April); pp 296-303 -- Wiley

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  • Title:
    Detecting a Defective Casing Seal at the Top of a Bedrock Aquifer
  • Author: Richard, Sandra K.;
    Chesnaux, Romain;
    Rouleau, Alain
  • Found In: Ground water. Volume 54:Issue 2 (2016, March/April); pp 296-303
  • Journal Title: Ground water
  • Subjects: Eau souterraine--Périodiques; Puits--Périodiques; Eau souterraine; Puits; Périodique électronique (Descripteur de forme); Ressource Internet (Descripteur de forme); Electronic journals; Groundwater--Periodicals; Wells--Periodicals; Grondwater; Dewey: 551.49
  • Rights: legaldeposit
  • Publication Details: Wiley
  • Abstract: Abstract:

    An improperly sealed casing can produce a direct hydraulic connection between two or more originally isolated aquifers with important consequences regarding groundwater quantity and quality. A recent study by Richard et al. (2014) investigated a monitoring well installed in a fractured rock aquifer with a defective casing seal at the soil–bedrock interface. A hydraulic short circuit was detected that produced some leakage between the rock and the overlying deposits. A falling‐head permeability test performed in this well showed that the usual method of data interpretation is not valid in this particular case due to the presence of a piezometric error. This error is the direct result of the preferential flow originating from the hydraulic short circuit and the subsequent re‐equilibration of the piezometric levels of both aquifers in the vicinity of the inlet and the outlet of the defective seal. Numerical simulations of groundwater circulation around the well support the observed impact of the hydraulic short circuit on the results of the falling‐head permeability test. These observations demonstrate that a properly designed falling‐head permeability test may be useful in the detection of defective casing seals.


  • Identifier: System Number: LDEAvdc_100031417241.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 0017-467X; 10.1111/gwat.12355
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): ELD Digital store

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