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N‐arachidonoyl glycine suppresses Na+/Ca2+ exchanger‐mediated Ca2+ entry into endothelial cells and activates BKCa channels independently of GPCRs

Bondarenko, Alexander I et al.

British journal of pharmacology. Volume 169:Number 4 (2013, June); pp 933-948 -- Wiley Blackwell

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  • Title:
    N‐arachidonoyl glycine suppresses Na+/Ca2+ exchanger‐mediated Ca2+ entry into endothelial cells and activates BKCa channels independently of GPCRs
  • Author: Bondarenko, Alexander I;
    Drachuk, Konstantin;
    Panasiuk, Olga;
    Sagach, Vadim;
    Deak, Andras T;
    Malli, Roland;
    Graier, Wolfgang F
  • Found In: British journal of pharmacology. Volume 169:Number 4 (2013, June); pp 933-948
  • Journal Title: British journal of pharmacology
  • Subjects: Drug Therapy--Periodicals; Chemotherapy--Periodicals; Pharmacology--Periodicals; Dewey: 615.1
  • Rights: legaldeposit
  • Publication Details: Wiley Blackwell
  • Abstract: <x xml:space="preserve">Abstract</x> Background and Purpose

    N‐arachidonoyl glycine (NAGly) is a lipoamino acid with vasorelaxant properties. We aimed to explore the mechanisms of NAGly's action on unstimulated and agonist‐stimulated endothelial cells.

    Experimental Approach

    The effects of NAGly on endothelial electrical signalling were studied in combination with vascular reactivity.

    Key Results

    In EA.hy926 cells, the sustained hyperpolarization to histamine was inhibited by the non‐selective Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) inhibitor bepridil and by an inhibitor of reversed mode NCX, KB‐R7943. In cells dialysed with Cs+‐based Na+‐containing solution, the outwardly rectifying current with typical characteristics of NCX was augmented following histamine exposure, further increased upon external Na+ withdrawal and inhibited by bepridil. NAGly (0.3–30 μM) suppressed NCX currents in a URB597‐ and guanosine 5′‐O‐(2‐thiodiphosphate) (GDPβS)‐insensitive manner, [Ca2+]i elevation evoked by Na+ removal and the hyperpolarization to histamine. In rat aorta, NAGly opposed the endothelial hyperpolarization and relaxation response to ACh. In unstimulated EA.hy926 cells, NAGly potentiated the whole‐cell current attributable to large‐conductance Ca2+‐activated K+ (BKCa) channels in a GDPβS‐insensitive, paxilline‐sensitive manner and produced a sustained hyperpolarization. In cell‐free inside‐out patches, NAGly stimulated single BKCa channel activity.

    Conclusion and Implications

    Our data showed that NCX is a Ca2+ entry pathway in endothelial cells and that NAGly is a potent G‐protein‐independent modulator of endothelial electrical signalling and has a dual effect on endothelial electrical responses. In agonist pre‐stimulated cells, NAGly opposes hyperpolarization and relaxation via inhibition of NCX‐mediated Ca2+ entry, while in unstimulated cells, it promotes hyperpolarization via receptor‐independent activation of BKCa channels.


  • Identifier: ETOClsidyv7c532d19; System Number: LDEAvdc_100024541737.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 0007-1188; 10.1111/bph.12180
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): ELD Digital store

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