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The influence of physical therapy on oropharyngeal dysphagia in acute stroke patients

El-Tamawy, Mohamed

Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery (Online). Volume 52:Number 3 (2015, July 1st); pp 201-205 -- Egyptian Society of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery

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  • Title:
    The influence of physical therapy on oropharyngeal dysphagia in acute stroke patients
  • Author: El-Tamawy, Mohamed;
    Darwish, Moshera;
    El-Azizi, Hatem;
    Abdelalim, Ahmed;
    Taha, Shereen
  • Found In: Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery (Online). Volume 52:Number 3 (2015, July 1st); pp 201-205
  • Journal Title: Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery (Online)
  • Subjects: digital fluoroscopy--dysphagia--electrical stimulation--ischemic stroke--physical rehabilitation; Dewey: 616.8
  • Rights: Licensed
  • Publication Details: Egyptian Society of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery
  • Abstract: Background Dysphagia occurs in 65% of acute stroke patients, resulting in airway obstruction, malnutrition, and chest infection. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a designed physical therapy program that consists of therapeutic physical exercises in addition to neuromuscular electrical stimulation on severe swallowing disorders (oropharyngeal dysphagia) in acute ischemic cerebrovascular stroke patients. Methods Thirty stroke patients suffering from severe dysphagia were assigned randomly to two equal groups: the study group (G1) and the control group (G2). The patients in the study group (G1) received medical treatment in addition to a designed physical therapy program mainly directed at strengthening and stimulating the elevator muscles of the larynx above and below the hyoid bone, whereas the patients in the control group (G2) were under medical treatment only. Digital fluoroscopy was used to assess the following variables: oral transit time, laryngeal elevation, hyoid elevation, esophageal sphincter opening, and aspiration or penetration. Assessment was carried out before and at the end of treatment after 6 weeks. Results Before treatment, there were no significant differences in different variables between G1 and G2. After treatment there was significant improvement in all variables in G1 compared with G2, as measured by digital fluoroscopy. Conclusion The suggested physical therapy program could be an effective and safe method for improving and restoring the normal swallowing mechanism in ischemic stroke patients suffering from severe dysphagia.
  • Identifier: System Number: ETOCvdc_100090011623.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 1110-1083; 10.4103/1110-1083.162046
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • UIN: ETOCvdc_100090011623.0x000001

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