skip to main content
Show Results with:

Measuring empowerment: Developing and validating the Resident Empowerment through Tourism Scale (RETS)

Boley, B. Bynum; McGehee, Nancy Gard

Tourism management. Volume 45 (2014); pp 85-94 -- Elsevier

Online access

  • Title:
    Measuring empowerment: Developing and validating the Resident Empowerment through Tourism Scale (RETS)
  • Author: Boley, B. Bynum;
    McGehee, Nancy Gard
  • Found In: Tourism management. Volume 45 (2014); pp 85-94
  • Journal Title: Tourism management
  • Subjects: Tourism--Periodicals; Empowerment--Sustainable tourism--Scale development--Confirmatory factor analysis--Resident attitudes toward tourism--Community participation; Dewey: 338.4791
  • Rights: Licensed
  • Publication Details: Elsevier
  • Abstract: Abstract Despite empowerment playing a crucial role in sustainable tourism development, there have yet to be scales developed to measure whether residents perceive themselves as being psychologically, socially, or politically empowered from tourism. To address this gap, the Resident Empowerment through Tourism Scale (RETS) was developed following Churchill's (1979) criteria for scale development. The RETS was purified through a pilot and pretest study before being tested in a three county region of western Virginia, USA. The data were initially analyzed using multiple exploratory factor analyses before being validated through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Results of the CFA demonstrated that the RETS displayed construct validity with standardized factor loadings ranging from 0.65 to 0.92 for the three subscales and construct reliability scores ranging from 0.85 to 0.92. The RETS is presented as a scale ready for use to measure the extent to which residents perceive themselves as being empowered or disempowered by tourism. Highlights Scheyvens' conceptual dimensions of empowerment developed into empirical scales. The RETS measures empowerment at the psychological, social, and political level. The RETS is confirmed as construct valid measure of resident empowerment using CFA. Factor loadings ranged from 0.65 to 0.92 and reliability scores from 0.85 to 0.92. The RETS is ready for use by others to measure resident perceptions of empowerment.
  • Identifier: System Number: ETOCvdc_100081667118.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 0261-5177; 10.1016/j.tourman.2014.04.003
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): 8870.920970
  • UIN: ETOCvdc_100081667118.0x000001

Searching Remote Databases, Please Wait