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Doublecortin X (DCX) serine 28 phosphorylation is a regulatory switch, modulating association of DCX with microtubules and actin filaments

Moslehi, Maryam; Ng, Dominic C.H.; Bogoyevitch, Marie A.

Biochimica et biophysica acta. Volume 1866:Number 4 (2019, April); pp 638-649 -- Elsevier Science

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  • Title:
    Doublecortin X (DCX) serine 28 phosphorylation is a regulatory switch, modulating association of DCX with microtubules and actin filaments
  • Author: Moslehi, Maryam;
    Ng, Dominic C.H.;
    Bogoyevitch, Marie A.
  • Found In: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Volume 1866:Number 4 (2019, April); pp 638-649
  • Journal Title: Biochimica et biophysica acta
  • Subjects: Doublecortin--Phosphorylation--Cytoskeleton--Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching; Dewey: 574.1905
  • Rights: Licensed
  • Publication Details: Elsevier Science
  • Abstract: Abstract Doublecortin X (DCX) plays essential roles in neuronal development via its regulation of cytoskeleton dynamics. This is mediated through direct interactions between its doublecortin (DC) domains (DC1 and DC2) with microtubules (MTs) and indirect association with actin filaments (F-ACT). While the regulatory role of the DCX C-terminus following DC2 (i.e. DCX residues 275–366) has been established, less is known of the possible contributions made by the DCX N-terminus preceding DC1 (i.e. DCX residues 1–44). Here, we assessed the influence of DCX Ser28 within the DCX N-terminus, on the association of DCX with MTs and F-ACT. We compared the cytoskeletal interactions of the DCX S28E phosphomimetic and DCX S28A phospho-resistant mutants and wild-type DCX. Immunoprecipitation and colocalisation analyses indicated increased association of DCX S28E with F-ACT but decreased interaction with MTs, and conversely enhanced DCX S28A association with MTs but decreased association with F-ACT. To evaluate the impact of DCX mutants on cytoskeletal filaments we performed fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) studies on SiR-tubulin and β-actin-mCherry and observed comparable tubulin and actin exchange rates in the presence of DCX WT and DCX S28A. However, we observed faster tubulin exchange rates but slower actin exchange rates in the presence of DCX S28E. Moreover, DCX S28E enhanced the association with the actin-binding protein spinophilin (Spn) suggesting the shift to favour association with both F-ACT and Spn in the presence of DCX S28E. Taken together, our results highlight a new role for DCX S28 as a regulatory switch for cytoskeletal organisation. Graphical abstract Unlabelled Image Highlights DCX S28A and S28E mutants define a reciprocal association of DCX with MTs and ACT. The DCX S28E mutant favours association with the adaptor protein Spn. Exchange rates of tubulin within MTs are accelerated in the presence of DCX S28E. Exchange rates of ACT are slowed in the presence of DCX SE28E.
  • Identifier: System Number: ETOCvdc_100081268262.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 0006-3002; 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2019.01.003
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): 2070.000000
  • UIN: ETOCvdc_100081268262.0x000001

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