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Guided bone regeneration activity of different calcium phosphate/chitosan hybrid membranes

Chen, Yau-Hung et al.

International journal of biological macromolecules. Volume 126: (2019, April 1st); pp 159-169

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  • Title:
    Guided bone regeneration activity of different calcium phosphate/chitosan hybrid membranes
  • Author: Chen, Yau-Hung;
    Tai, Hung-Yin;
    Fu, Earl;
    Don, Trong-Ming
  • Found In: International journal of biological macromolecules. Volume 126: (2019, April 1st); pp 159-169
  • Journal Title: International journal of biological macromolecules
  • Subjects: Bone regeneration--Chitosan--Calcium phosphate; Dewey: 572
  • Rights: Licensed
  • Abstract: Abstract To fulfill the properties of membrane for guided bone tissue regeneration, chitosan (CS) and calcium phosphates were blended to produce porous hybrid membranes by lyophilization. We synthesized three different calcium phosphates: calcium deficient hydroxyapatite (CDHA), biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) and β‑tricalcium phosphate (TCP) by a reverse emulsion method followed by calcination, and compared their efficacy on bone regeneration. The CDHA/CS, BCP/CS, and TCP/CS membranes had an interconnected pore structure with porosity of 91–95% and pore size of 102–147 μm. These hybrid membranes could promote the permeability and adhesiveness to bone cells as demonstrated by in - vitro cell culture of primary osteoblast. Particularly, the CDHA/CS and BCP/CS could further increase the cell attachment and differentiation, whereas the BCP/CS and TCP/CS could enhance cell proliferation. Finally, these hybrid membranes were assessed for guided bone regeneration in the critical-size calvarial bone defects created in SD rats. Histological and histomorphometric analyses revealed that the BCP/CS membrane had the most effective bone regeneration compared to the other two hybrid membranes. At three-week post-surgery, the BCP/CS membrane could enhance new bone generation up to 57% of the original bone defect area. The BCP/CS membrane thus has the potential to be applied for guided bone regeneration.
  • Identifier: System Number: ETOCvdc_100076332355.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 0141-8130; 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.12.199
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): 4542.151000
  • UIN: ETOCvdc_100076332355.0x000001

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