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Holographic Ensemble Forecasting Method for Short-Term Power Load

Zhou, Mo

IEEE transactions on smart grid. Volume 10:Number 1 (2018, December 28th); pp 425-434 -- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

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  • Title:
    Holographic Ensemble Forecasting Method for Short-Term Power Load
  • Author: Zhou, Mo;
    Jin, Min
  • Found In: IEEE transactions on smart grid. Volume 10:Number 1 (2018, December 28th); pp 425-434
  • Journal Title: IEEE transactions on smart grid
  • Subjects: Electric power distribution--Periodicals; Electric power--Conservation--Periodicals; Forecasting--Load modeling--Predictive models--Training--Load forecasting--Load management--Correlation; Short-term load forecasting--holographic ensemble forecasting method--multi-source data--diversity sampling--multiple heterogeneous models--online second learning; Dewey: 621.319
  • Rights: Licensed
  • Publication Details: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
  • Abstract: In this paper, we newly propose a holographic ensemble forecasting method (HEFM). First, we use the mutual information and statistical method to select feature variables, which is an ensemble of information about the cross-border multi-source data at the dataset level. Then, we generate multiple training sets by performing diversity sampling with bootstrap, which is an ensemble of information about multiple sample sets at the sampling space level. Next, we construct a multi-model using different artificial intelligence and machine-learning algorithms, which is an ensemble of information about multiple nonlinear heterogeneous models at the forecasting model level. Finally, we use the original features, the forecasting load which is output of the multiple heterogeneous models trained in the first learning, and the actual load of the recent period before each forecasted time to generate a new training set, which is used for the online second learning and final forecasting. This is an ensemble of information about online second learning at the decision level. The ensemble of multi-category multi-state information for four levels (dataset, sampling space, forecasting model, and decision) constitutes the framework of HEFM, whose essence is a forecasting method with comprehensive information integration for the whole life cycle of the forecasting process. We study the load in Guangzhou, China, and New England, USA. Compared to the state-of-the-art forecasting methods, the MAPE of HEFM is reduced by 7.69%–65.77%. The results demonstrate that the forecasting performance may not be improved with the number of algorithms, and that there is a need to understand the positive and negative fusion effect between different algorithms and data characteristics.
  • Identifier: System Number: ETOCvdc_100075469460.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 1949-3053; 10.1109/TSG.2017.2743015
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): 4363.219930
  • UIN: ETOCvdc_100075469460.0x000001

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