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An intermediate level of CD161 expression defines a novel activated, inflammatory, and pathogenic subset of CD8+ T cells involved in multiple sclerosis

Nicol, Bryan et al.

Journal of autoimmunity. Volume 88: (2018, March); pp 61-74 -- Elsevier

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  • Title:
    An intermediate level of CD161 expression defines a novel activated, inflammatory, and pathogenic subset of CD8+ T cells involved in multiple sclerosis
  • Author: Nicol, Bryan;
    Salou, Marion;
    Vogel, Isabel;
    Garcia, Alexandra;
    Dugast, Emilie;
    Morille, Jeremy;
    Kilens, Stéphanie;
    Charpentier, Eric;
    Donnart, Audrey;
    Nedellec, Steven;
    Jacq-Foucher, Marylène;
    Le Frère, Fabienne;
    Wiertlewski, Sandrine;
    Bourreille, Arnaud;
    Brouard, Sophie;
    Michel, Laure;
    David, Laurent;
    Gourraud, Pierre-Antoine;
    Degauque, Nicolas;
    Nicot, Arnaud B.;
    Berthelot, Laureline;
    Laplaud, David-Axel
  • Found In: Journal of autoimmunity. Volume 88: (2018, March); pp 61-74
  • Journal Title: Journal of autoimmunity
  • Subjects: Auto-immunité--Périodiques; Maladies auto-immunes--Périodiques; Autoantibodies--Periodicals; Autoimmune Diseases--Periodicals; Autoimmune diseases--Periodicals; Autoimmunity--Periodicals; Multiple sclerosis--CD8+ T cells--CD161--Central nervous system--Neuroinflammation; Electronic journals; Dewey: 616.978005
  • Rights: Licensed
  • Publication Details: Elsevier
  • Abstract: Abstract Several lines of evidence support a key role for CD8 + T cells in central nervous system tissue damage of patients with multiple sclerosis. However, the precise phenotype of the circulating CD8 + T cells that may be recruited from the peripheral blood to invade the CNS remains largely undefined to date. It has been suggested that IL-17 secreting CD8 (Tc17) T cells may be involved, and in humans these cells are characterized by the expression of CD161. We focused our study on a unique and recently described subset of CD8 T cells characterized by an intermediate expression of CD161 as its role in neuroinflammation has not been investigated to date. The frequency, phenotype, and function of CD8 + T cells with an intermediate CD161 expression level were characterized ex-vivo, in vitro, and in situ using RNAseq, RT-PCR, flow cytometry, TCR sequencing, and immunohistofluorescence of cells derived from healthy volunteers (n = 61), MS subjects (n = 90), as well as inflammatory (n = 15) and non-inflammatory controls (n = 6). We report here that CD8 + CD161 int T cells present characteristics of effector cells, up-regulate cell-adhesion molecules and have an increased ability to cross the blood-brain barrier and to secrete IL-17, IFNγ, GM-CSF, and IL-22. We further demonstrate that these cells are recruited and enriched in the CNS of MS subjects where they produce IL-17. In the peripheral blood, RNAseq, RT-PCR, high-throughput TCR repertoire analyses, and flow cytometry confirmed an increased effector and transmigration pattern of these cells in MS patients, with the presence of supernumerary clones compared to healthy controls. Our data demonstrate that intermediate levels of CD161 expression identifies activated and effector CD8 + T cells with pathogenic properties that are recruited to MS lesions. This suggests that CD161 may represent a biomarker and a valid target for the treatment of neuroinflammation. Highlights Intermediate level of CD161 expression identifies activated and effector CD8 + T cells with increased migratory properties. CD8 + CD161 int T cells have increased effector and transmigration patterns in MS. CD8 + CD161 int T cells are specifically recruited in the CNS of MS patients where they can secrete IL-17.
  • Identifier: System Number: ETOCvdc_100063792246.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 0896-8411; 10.1016/j.jaut.2017.10.005
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): 4949.555000
  • UIN: ETOCvdc_100063792246.0x000001

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