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Investigating mitochondrial redox state using NADH and NADPH autofluorescence

Blacker, Thomas S.; Duchen, Michael R.

Free radical biology and medicine. Volume 100 (2016); pp 53-65 -- Elsevier

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  • Title:
    Investigating mitochondrial redox state using NADH and NADPH autofluorescence
  • Author: Blacker, Thomas S.;
    Duchen, Michael R.
  • Found In: Free radical biology and medicine. Volume 100 (2016); pp 53-65
  • Journal Title: Free radical biology and medicine
  • Subjects: Biological chemistry--Periodicals; Free radicals (Chemistry)--Periodicals; Nadh--Nadph--Mitochondria--Redox--Fluorescence--Microscopy--FLIM; Dewey: 572.43
  • Rights: Licensed
  • Publication Details: Elsevier
  • Abstract: Abstract The redox states of the NAD and NADP pyridine nucleotide pools play critical roles in defining the activity of energy producing pathways, in driving oxidative stress and in maintaining antioxidant defences. Broadly speaking, NAD is primarily engaged in regulating energy-producing catabolic processes, whilst NADP may be involved in both antioxidant defence and free radical generation. Defects in the balance of these pathways are associated with numerous diseases, from diabetes and neurodegenerative disease to heart disease and cancer. As such, a method to assess the abundance and redox state of these separate pools in living tissues would provide invaluable insight into the underlying pathophysiology. Experimentally, the intrinsic fluorescence of the reduced forms of both redox cofactors, NADH and NADPH, has been used for this purpose since the mid-twentieth century. In this review, we outline the modern implementation of these techniques for studying mitochondrial redox state in complex tissue preparations. As the fluorescence spectra of NADH and NADPH are indistinguishable, interpreting the signals resulting from their combined fluorescence, often labelled NAD(P)H, can be complex. We therefore discuss recent studies using fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) which offer the potential to discriminate between the two separate pools. This technique provides increased metabolic information from cellular autofluorescence in biomedical investigations, offering biochemical insights into the changes in time-resolved NAD(P)H fluorescence signals observed in diseased tissues. Highlights NAD plays a central role in energy-producing pathways. NADP is crucial for maintaining the antioxidant defence. The reduced forms, NADH and NADPH, are naturally fluorescent inside living tissues. Cellular autofluorescence can be used to investigate NAD(P)H redox state. NAD(P)H FLIM allows the contributions from NADH and NADPH to be separated.
  • Identifier: System Number: ETOCvdc_100059730191.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 0891-5849; doi/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2016.08.010
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): 4033.326480
  • UIN: ETOCvdc_100059730191.0x000001

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