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RAB3GAP1 and RAB3GAP2 modulate basal and rapamycin-induced autophagy

Spang, Natalie et al.

Autophagy -- Taylor & Francis -- Volume: 10 Issue: 12; (pages 2297-2309) -- 2014

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  • Title:
    RAB3GAP1 and RAB3GAP2 modulate basal and rapamycin-induced autophagy
  • Author: Spang, Natalie;
    Feldmann, Anne;
    Huesmann, Heike;
    Bekbulat, Fazilet;
    Schmitt, Verena;
    Hiebel, Christof;
    Koziollek-Drechsler, Ingrid;
    Clement, Albrecht M;
    Moosmann, Bernd;
    Jung, Jennifer;
    Behrends, Christian;
    Dikic, Ivan;
    Kern, Andreas;
    Behl, Christian
  • Found In: Autophagy. Volume 10:Number 12(2014); 20141202; 2297-2309
  • Journal Title: Autophagy
  • Subjects: Autophagic vacuoles; Apoptosis; Cell death; Lysosomes; Degeneration (Pathology); Autophagy; Cell Death; Lysosomes; LCSH: Autophagic vacuoles; LCSH: Apoptosis; LCSH: Cell death; LCSH: Lysosomes; LCSH: Degeneration (Pathology); Dewey: 571.936
  • Rights: Licensed
  • Publication Details: Taylor & Francis
  • Abstract:

    Macroautophagy is a degradative pathway that sequesters and transports cytosolic cargo in autophagosomes to lysosomes, and its deterioration affects intracellular proteostasis. Membrane dynamics accompanying autophagy are mostly elusive and depend on trafficking processes. RAB GTPase activating proteins (RABGAPs) are important factors for the coordination of cellular vesicle transport systems, and several TBC (TRE2-BUB2-CDC16) domain-containing RABGAPs are associated with autophagy. EmployingC. elegansand human primary fibroblasts, we show that RAB3GAP1 and RAB3GAP2, which are components of the TBC domain-free RAB3GAP complex, influence protein aggregation and affect autophagy at basal and rapamycin-induced conditions. Correlating the activity of RAB3GAP1/2 with ATG3 and ATG16L1 and analyzing ATG5 punctate structures, we illustrate that the RAB3GAPs modulate autophagosomal biogenesis. Significant levels of RAB3GAP1/2 colocalize with members of the Atg8 family at lipid droplets, and their autophagy modulatory activity depends on the GTPase-activating activity of RAB3GAP1 but is independent of the RAB GTPase RAB3. Moreover, we analyzed RAB3GAP1/2 in relation to the previously reported suppressive autophagy modulators FEZ1 and FEZ2 and demonstrate that both reciprocally regulate autophagy. In conclusion, we identify RAB3GAP1/2 as novel conserved factors of the autophagy and proteostasis network.

  • Identifier: Journal ISSN: 1554-8627
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): 1835.065800
    ELD Digital store
  • UIN: ETOCvdc_100050732240.0x000001

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