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Parkin elimination of mitochondria is important for maintenance of lens epithelial cell ROS levels and survival upon oxidative stress exposure

Brennan, Lisa; Khoury, Josef; Kantorow, Marc

Biochimica et biophysica acta. Volume 1863:Issue 1 (2017); pp 21-32 -- Elsevier Science

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  • Title:
    Parkin elimination of mitochondria is important for maintenance of lens epithelial cell ROS levels and survival upon oxidative stress exposure
  • Author: Brennan, Lisa;
    Khoury, Josef;
    Kantorow, Marc
  • Found In: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Volume 1863:Issue 1 (2017); pp 21-32
  • Journal Title: Biochimica et biophysica acta
  • Subjects: LEC--ROS; Oxidative stress--Reactive oxygen species--Mitochondria--Lens cell survival--Cataract; Dewey: 574.1905
  • Rights: Licensed
  • Publication Details: Elsevier Science
  • Abstract: Abstract Age-related cataract is associated with oxidative stress and death of lens epithelial cells (LECs) whose survival is dependent on functional mitochondrial populations. Oxidative stress-induced depolarization/damage of LEC mitochondria results in increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and cell death suggesting the need for a LEC mechanism to remove mitochondria depolarized/damaged upon oxidative stress exposure to prevent ROS release and LEC death. To date, a mechanism(s) for removal of depolarized/damaged LEC mitochondria has yet to be identified and the importance of eliminating oxidative stress-damaged mitochondria to prevent LEC ROS release and death has not been established. Here, we demonstrate that Parkin levels increase in LECs exposed to H2O2-oxidative stress. We establish that Parkin translocates to LEC mitochondria depolarized upon oxidative stress exposure and that Parkin recruits p62/SQSTM1 to depolarized LEC mitochondria. We demonstrate that translocation of Parkin results in the elimination of depolarized/damaged mitochondria and that Parkin clearance of LEC mitochondria is dependent on its ubiquitin ligase activity. Importantly, we demonstrate that Parkin elimination of damaged LEC mitochondria results in reduced ROS levels and increased survival upon oxidative stress exposure. These results establish that Parkin functions to eliminate LEC mitochondria depolarized/damaged upon oxidative stress exposure and that elimination of damaged mitochondria by Parkin is important for LEC homeostasis and survival. The data also suggest that mitochondrial quality control by Parkin could play a role in lens transparency. Highlights Parkin levels increase in lens epithelial cells exposed to H2O2-oxidative stress. Parkin translocates to damaged LEC mitochondria and recruits p62/SQSTM1. Parkin clearance of damaged LEC mitochondria requires E3-ubiquitin ligase activity. Clearance of damaged LEC mitochondria reduces ROS levels and increases LEC survival.
  • Identifier: System Number: ETOCvdc_100044529373.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 0006-3002; 10.1016/j.bbadis.2016.09.020
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): 2070.000000
  • UIN: ETOCvdc_100044529373.0x000001

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