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Inconsistent Correlation Between Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness and Peripheral Arterial Tonometry: Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)

Lemos, Sara P. et al.

Medicine -- Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins -- Volume: 94 33; -- 2015

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  • Title:
    Inconsistent Correlation Between Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness and Peripheral Arterial Tonometry: Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
  • Author: Lemos, Sara P.;
    Passos, Valéria Maria A.;
    Brant, Luisa C.C.;
    Bensenor, Isabela J.M.;
    Ribeiro, Antônio Luiz P.;
    Barreto, Sandhi Maria
  • Found In: Medicine. Volume 94:Number 33(2015); 201508; e1403-
  • Journal Title: Medicine
  • Subjects: Medicine; Medicine; Médecine; Geneeskunde; Medicine; LCSH: Medicine; Dewey: 610.5
  • Rights: Licensed
  • Publication Details: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
  • Abstract: Abstract

    To estimate the association between 2 markers for atherosclerosis, measurements of carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) and of peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT), and to evaluate the role of traditional cardiovascular risk factors in this association.

    We applied the 2 diagnostic tests to 588 participants from the ELSA-Brazil longitudinal study cohort. The PAT measurements, obtained with the EndoPAT2000, were the reactive hyperemia index (RHI), the Framingham RHI (F-RHI), and the mean basal pulse amplitude (BPA). We used the mean of the mean scores of carotid IMT of the distal layers of the left and right common carotids obtained by ultrasonography after 3 cardiac cycles. We used linear regression and the Spearman correlation coefficient to test the relationship between the 2 markers, and multiple linear regressions to exam the relationship between the RHI/F-RHI scores and the mean BPA and IMT scores after adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors.

    In the multivariate analysis, RHI (but not F-RHI) was positively correlated with the mean of the means of the IMT values after adjusting for sex and risk factors connected with both measures (β = 0.05,P = 0.02). Mean BPA did not remain significantly associated with IMT after adjusting for common risk factors.

    We found that the higher the IMT (or the worse the IMT), the higher the RHI (or the better the endothelial function). F-RHI was not associated with IMT. These 2 results are against the direction that one would expect and may imply that digital endothelial function (RHI and F-RHI) and IMT correspond to distinct and independent stages of the complex atherosclerosis process and represent different pathways in the disease's progression. Therefore, IMT and PAT measures may be considered complementary and not interchangeable.


  • Identifier: Journal ISSN: 0025-7974
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): ELD Digital store
    5534.000000
  • UIN: ETOCvdc_100036835370.0x000001

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