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Cardiovascular Health in Brazil: Trends and Perspectives

Ribeiro, Antonio Luiz P. et al.

Circulation: journal of the American Heart Association. Volume 133:Issue 4 (2016); pp 422-433 -- Lippincott Williams & Wilkins -- Highwire Press

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  • Title:
    Cardiovascular Health in Brazil: Trends and Perspectives
  • Author: Ribeiro, Antonio Luiz P.;
    Duncan, Bruce B.;
    Brant, Luisa C. C.;
    Lotufo, Paulo A.;
    Mill, José Geraldo;
    Barreto, Sandhi M.
  • Found In: Circulation: journal of the American Heart Association. Volume 133:Issue 4 (2016); pp 422-433
  • Journal Title: Circulation: journal of the American Heart Association
  • Subjects: Blood Circulation; Cardiovascular System; Vascular Diseases; Blood--Circulation--Periodicals; Cardiology--Periodicals; Cardiovascular system--Periodicals; Heart--Diseases--Periodicals; Brazil--epidemiology--health policy--mortality--risk factors; Dewey: 616.1
  • Rights: Licensed
  • Publication Details: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Highwire Press
  • Abstract:

    Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.

    Brazil is a large country, with an evolving economy, but marked social inequalities. The population is formed by an admixture of native Brazilians, Europeans, and Africans; is predominantly urban; and faces rapid aging. Time trends related to health behaviors show a substantial reduction in smoking rates, but a rising prevalence of overweight and obesity, unhealthy eating habits, and insufficient physical activity. The high prevalence of hypertension and the increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus are also causes for concern. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the leading cause of mortality since the 1960s and has accounted for a substantial percentage of all hospitalizations. In 2011, CVD was responsible for 31% of all deaths, with ischemic heart disease (31%) and cerebrovascular diseases (30%) being the leading CVD causes. Despite an increase in the overall number of CVD deaths, the age-adjusted mortality rates for CVD declined 24% between 2000 and 2011. Health care delivered by Brazil's universal public health system, which focuses on primary prevention, has contributed to this achievement. However, the decline in age-adjusted mortality differs according to race, sex, and socioeconomic status with black individuals and lower-income populations sustaining the greatest impact of CVD, especially at younger ages. With one of the world's largest public health systems in terms of population coverage, Brazil has the means to implement actions to confront the high burden of CVD, focusing on health promotion and comprehensive care. Insufficient funding, low education levels, and social inequalities remain as the main barriers to be overcome.

  • Identifier: System Number: ETOCvdc_100032614824.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 0009-7322; doi/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.008727
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): 3265.200000
  • UIN: ETOCvdc_100032614824.0x000001

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