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The role of PON1 and CYP2D6 genes in susceptibility to organophosphorus chronic intoxication in Egyptian patients

Tawfik Khattab, A. M. et al.

Neurotoxicology. VOL 53, ; 2016, 102-107 -- Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. Part; (pages 102-107) -- 2016

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  • Title:
    The role of PON1 and CYP2D6 genes in susceptibility to organophosphorus chronic intoxication in Egyptian patients
  • Author: Tawfik Khattab, A. M.;
    Zayed, A. A.;
    Ahmed, A. I.;
    AbdelAal, A. G.;
    Mekdad, A. A.
  • Found In: Neurotoxicology. VOL 53, ; 2016, 102-107
  • Journal Title: Neurotoxicology.
  • Subjects: Medicine; Biotechnology; Pharmaceutical Chemistry; LCC: RC321; Dewey: 616.8
  • Publication Details: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.
  • Language: English
  • Abstract: Highlights•PON1 Q192R & CYP2D6 are related to susceptibility to chronic OP poisoning.•PChE is significantly reduced in chronic OP intoxication, while PON1 is increased.•No association between chronic symptoms of intoxication & duration of exposure.•Genotyping for agricultural pesticide workers excludes high risk group.AbstractBackgroundParaoxonase-1 (PON1) activity toward organophosphorus(OP) compounds shows inter-individual variations, rendering the identification of individuals’ PON1 allozymes valuable in treating patients suffering from organophosphorus intoxication. One of the most important cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (CYPs) is CYP2D6. The CYP2D6 G1934A polymorphism leads to good, poor or no enzyme activity. Genetic testing helps identification of high risk individuals as well as management of chronic intoxicated patients.Objectiveto investigate a possible association between genetic polymorphisms of PON1 Q192R, and CYP2D6 G1934A as well as PON1 and pseudo-cholinesterase (PChE) enzyme activity levels and chronic organophosphate exposed patients, and hence, susceptibility for organophosphorus chronic poisoning.Design and methodsThirty chronic organophosphate exposed farm workers were compared to 29 healthy controls as regards PON1 Q192R and CYP2D6 G1934A polymorphisms using PCR-RFLP technique. Also serum PON1 and PChE activities were determined spectrophotometrically.ResultsSerum PChE was significantly reduced in chronic intoxicated patients compared to the control group (p=0.02), while PON1 activity was increased, but just failed to reach significance (p=0.06). PON1 192 RR genotype and R allele were significantly increased in chronic OP intoxicated patients (p=0.005 &p=0.002 respectively). CYP2D6 1934A allele was significantly increased in chronic OP patients (p=0.045). combining the two SNPs showed a significant statistical difference between the two groups with PON1QQ and CYP2D6 GG genotypes being more represented in the healthy controls (p=0.001). Fatigue and motor weakness were the most prevalent neurological symptoms seen in chronic cases (56.7%), followed by headache and lacrimation (30% each), depression (23%), tingling and sensory symptoms (20%), sleep disorders and limb pain (13%).The mean duration of environmental exposure to organophosphates was 7.7±5.2years and no association was found between chronic symptoms of intoxication and duration of exposure, provided that all workers were exposed for at least 3 years.ConclusionPON1 192RR genotype and CYP2D6 1934A allele were found to be related to the susceptibility to organophosphate chronic toxicity in Egyptians. Larger scale gene-environmental interaction studies are recommended to confirm results and Genotyping is recommended during selection of agricultural pesticide workers to exclude high risk group.
  • Identifier: Journal ISSN: 0161-813X
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Physical Description: Physical
  • Shelfmark(s): 6081.585800
  • UIN: ETOCRN376433170

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