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Carbon isotopic characterization of formaldehyde emitted by vehicles in Guangzhou, China

Hu, P. et al.

Atmospheric environment. VOL 86, ; 2014, 148-154 -- Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. Part; (pages 148-154) -- 2014

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  • Title:
    Carbon isotopic characterization of formaldehyde emitted by vehicles in Guangzhou, China
  • Author: Hu, P.;
    Wen, S.;
    Liu, Y.;
    Bi, X.;
    Chan, L. Y.;
    Feng, J.;
    Wang, X.;
    Sheng, G.;
    Fu, J.
  • Found In: Atmospheric environment. VOL 86, ; 2014, 148-154
  • Journal Title: Atmospheric environment.
  • Subjects: Earth Sciences; Environment; LCC: QC851; Dewey: 551.51
  • Publication Details: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.
  • Language: English
  • Abstract: Formaldehyde (HCHO) is the most abundant carbonyl compound in the atmosphere, and vehicle exhaust emission is one of its important anthropogenic sources. However, there is still uncertainty regarding HCHO flux from vehicle emission as well as from other sources. Herein, automobile source was characterized using HCHO carbon isotopic ratio to assess its contributions to atmospheric flux and demonstrate the complex production/consumption processes during combustion in engine cylinder and subsequent catalytic treatment of exhaust. Vehicle exhausts were sampled under different idling states and HCHO carbon isotopic ratios were measured by gas chromatograph–combustion–isotopic ratio mass spectrometry (GC–C–IRMS). The HCHO directly emitted from stand-alone engines (gasoline and diesel) running at different load was also sampled and measured. The HCHO carbon isotopic ratios were from −30.8 to −25.7‰ for gasoline engine, and from −26.2 to −20.7‰ for diesel engine, respectively. For diesel vehicle without catalytic converter, the HCHO carbon isotopic ratios were −22.1 ± 2.1‰, and for gasoline vehicle with catalytic converter, the ratios were −21.4 ± 0.7‰. Most of the HCHO carbon isotopic ratios were heavier than the fuel isotopic ratios (from −29 to −27‰). For gasoline vehicle, the isotopic fractionation (Δ13C) between HCHO and fuel isotopic ratios was 7.4 ± 0.7‰, which was higher than that of HCHO from stand-alone gasoline engine (Δ13Cmax = 2.7‰), suggesting additional consumption by the catalytic converter. For diesel vehicle without catalytic converter, Δ13C was 5.7 ± 2.0‰, similar to that of stand-alone diesel engine. In general, the carbon isotopic signatures of HCHO emitted from automobiles were not sensitive to idling states or to other vehicle parameters in our study condition. On comparing these HCHO carbon isotopic data with those of past studies, the atmospheric HCHO in a bus station in Guangzhou might mainly come from vehicle emission for the accordance of carbon isotopic data.
  • Identifier: Journal ISSN: 1352-2310
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Physical Description: Physical
  • Shelfmark(s): 1767.120000
  • UIN: ETOCRN347250234

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