skip to main content
Show Results with:

Livestock and large wild mammals in the Kilombero Valley, in southern Tanzania

Bonnington, C.; Weaver, D.; Fanning, E.

African journal of ecology. VOL 45; NUMBER 4, ; 2007, 658-663 -- Blackwell Publishing Ltd (pages 658-663) -- 2007

Online access

  • Title:
    Livestock and large wild mammals in the Kilombero Valley, in southern Tanzania
  • Author: Bonnington, C.;
    Weaver, D.;
    Fanning, E.
  • Found In: African journal of ecology. VOL 45; NUMBER 4, ; 2007, 658-663
  • Journal Title: African journal of ecology.
  • Subjects: Economics; LCC: QL337; Dewey: 333.7
  • Publication Details: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
  • Language: English
  • Abstract: Abstract Livestock encroachment is threatening the populations of large wild mammals in Tanzania. Competition for quality grazing land by domestic stocks is one of the main factors impacting wild species during this encroachment. In the Kilombero Game Controlled Area (KGCA), extensive livestock husbandry is negatively associated with wildlife populations, especially outside the hunting season. This study assessed the relationship between livestock number and the abundance of three wild species: puku, buffalo and elephant. Spoor transects during the hunting season found the three wild species to be negatively correlated with livestock number. Direct point count surveys, both during and outside the hunting season found cattle and goat to be negatively associated with puku. The results from this study indicate that areas heavily grazed by livestock will be used to a lesser extent by wild populations, and that those areas previously used by wild species will be avoided following livestock encroachment. The protection offe red by the KGCA is an ineffective tool for conserving wild large mammal populations, and an alternative conservation status whereby extensive livestock encroachment is prohibited, particularly for the more important grazing sites, is recommended. Resume L'envahissement du betail menace les populations de grands mammiferes sauvages en Tanzanie. La competition avec le betail domestique pour les paturages de qualite est un des principaux facteurs qui influencent les especes sauvages en cas d'envahissement. Dans la Kilombero Game Controlled Area (KGCA), l'elevage extensif de betail est associe de facon negative aux populations sauvages, specialement en dehors de la saison de chasse. Cette etude evalue la relation entre le nombre de tetes de betail et l'abondance de trois especes sauvages: le cobe de Vardon, le buffle et l'elephant. Des transects parcourus en saison de chasse a la recherche des traces ont revele que les trois especes sauvages etaient negativement liees a l'abondance de betail. Les comptages directs, realises en saison de chasse et en dehors, ont montre que les bovins et les chevres etaient negativement associes aux cobes. Les resultats de cette etude indiquent que les zones fortement paturees par le betail seront moins frequentees par les populations sauvages, et que les zones precedemment occupees par les especes sauvages seront desormais evitees suite a l'envahissement par le betail. La protection offerte par la KGCA est un outil inefficace pour proteger les populations de grands mammiferes, et l'on recommande de creer un statut de conservation alternatif qui interdise l'envahissement extensif du betail, particulierement dans les sites de paturage les plus importants
  • Identifier: Journal ISSN: 0141-6707
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Accrual Information: Quarterly
  • Shelfmark(s): 0732.519000
  • UIN: ETOCRN217615730

Searching Remote Databases, Please Wait