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Adaptive Optics Technology for High-Resolution Retinal Imaging

Sensors, Vol.13(1), pp.334-366 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    Adaptive Optics Technology for High-Resolution Retinal Imaging
  • Author: Lombardo, Marco ; Serrao, Sebastiano ; Devaney, Nicholas ; Parravano, Mariacristina ; Lombardo, Giuseppe
  • Found In: Sensors, Vol.13(1), pp.334-366 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
  • Subjects: Adaptive Optical Systems ; Optical Sensors ; Biomedical Imaging Techniques ; Eye
  • Publication Details: MDPI AG
  • Language: English
  • Description: Adaptive optics (AO) is a technology used to improve the performance of optical systems by reducing the effects of optical aberrations. The direct visualization of the photoreceptor cells, capillaries and nerve fiber bundles represents the major benefit of adding AO to retinal imaging. Adaptive optics is opening a new frontier for clinical research in ophthalmology, providing new information on the early pathological changes of the retinal microstructures in various retinal diseases. We have reviewed AO technology for retinal imaging, providing information on the core components of an AO retinal camera. The most commonly used wavefront sensing and correcting elements are discussed. Furthermore, we discuss current applications of AO imaging to a population of healthy adults and to the most frequent causes of blindness, including diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration and glaucoma. We conclude our work with a discussion on future clinical prospects for AO retinal imaging.
  • Identifier: E-ISSN: 14248220 ; DOI: 10.3390/s130100334
  • Creation Date: 2013

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