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A peopleaEurocentred perspective on climate change, environmental stress, and livelihood resilience in Bangladesh

Sustainability Science, 2016 Jul, Vol.11(4), pp.679-694 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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  • Title:
    A peopleaEurocentred perspective on climate change, environmental stress, and livelihood resilience in Bangladesh
  • Author: Ayeb-Karlsson, S ; van Der Geest, K ; Ahmed, I ; Huq, S ; Warner, K
  • Found In: Sustainability Science, 2016 Jul, Vol.11(4), pp.679-694 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
  • Subjects: Greenhouse Effect – Environmental Aspects ; Global Temperature Changes – Environmental Aspects ; Droughts – Environmental Aspects ; Natural Disasters – Environmental Aspects ; Agricultural Land – Environmental Aspects
  • Language: English
  • Description: To access, purchase, authenticate, or subscribe to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11625-016-0379-z Byline: Sonja Ayeb-Karlsson (1,2), Kees Geest (1), Istiakh Ahmed (3), Saleemul Huq (3), Koko Warner (1) Keywords: Livelihood resilience; Climate change; Adaptation; Natural disasters; People-centred research Abstract: The Ganges--Brahmaputra delta enables Bangladesh to sustain a dense population, but it also exposes people to natural hazards. This article presents findings from the Gibika project, which researches livelihood resilience in seven study sites across Bangladesh. This study aims to understand how people in the study sites build resilience against environmental stresses, such as cyclones, floods, riverbank erosion, and drought, and in what ways their strategies sometimes fail. The article applies a new methodology for studying people's decision making in risk-prone environments: the personal Livelihood History interviews (N = 28). The findings show how environmental stress, shocks, and disturbances affect people's livelihood resilience and why adaptation measures can be unsuccessful. Floods, riverbank erosion, and droughts cause damage to agricultural lands, crops, houses, and properties. People manage to adapt by modifying their agricultural practices, switching to alternative livelihoods, or using migration as an adaptive strategy. In the coastal study sites, cyclones are a severe hazard. The study reveals that when a cyclone approaches, people sometimes choose not to evacuate: they put their lives at risk to protect their livelihoods and properties. Future policy and adaptation planning must use lessons learned from people currently facing environmental stress and shocks. Author Affiliation: (1) United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS), Bonn, Germany (2) University of Sussex, Brighton, UK (3) International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD), Dhaka, Bangladesh Article History: Registration Date: 29/05/2016 Received Date: 29/07/2015 Accepted Date: 29/05/2016 Online Date: 11/06/2016 Article note: Handled by Zoe Matthews, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.
  • Identifier: ISSN: 1862-4065 ; DOI: 10.1007/s11625-016-0379-z ; E-ISSN: 1862-4057

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